Interior Design Dictionary
Taking into account the number of different design styles in the world right now, it’s hard to pinpoint exactly which one we want to add to our homes, which one we associate with ourselves the most, and which one is the most adequate for each space. To help you make a cultured decision when it comes to any interior design project you will start or are currently working on, we present you an A-Z list of interior design styles that you should know about!
Art Deco surfaced to fame in the 20s but it has grew and evolved in the next years, up to present day. Inspired by the industrialization and technical progress, it’s a design style that looks innovative and bold in any interior, even in present times. It’s characterized by bold, geometric patterns and shapes, symmetrical arrangements, glamor, luxury, and the use of a variety of materials including aluminum, stainless steel, and plastic.
Bauhaus architecture is a design movement that emerged in post-World War I Germany. The style is marked by function above all else, with a core principle of “truth to materials.” Bauhaus architecture, such as in interior design, uses functional shapes like squares, triangles and circles. If you prefer to keep it simple and functional, this style is for you!
Inspired by beach living, Coastal interiors rely on a crisp, white base layered with sea and sky inspired blues and earthy browns and greens. You should feel a clean and light vibe, with the addition of soft and airy materials like cotton and linen, as well as a lot of natural light, invoking the breath of fresh, salty air.
Drapes are a type of window treatment made of heavy and rich fabrics that are hung on a rod above a window. If you have tall windows that you don’t know exactly what to do with, this elegant style is a must in your home.
Electic style is a stunning mix of furniture, decor, design movements, eras, colors, fabrics and patterns. It’s a difficult style to master, since it has to feel cohesive despite the amount of variety in a space. However, it’s a highly personal style that you can carefully curate to your liking.
The farmhouse style is characterized by warm colors and natural materials that come together to bring a sense of nostalgia and comfort. Using vintage and repurposed pieces is a must in this design style, but it leans more on modern and rustic, depending on what you lean more towards.
The gothic style, especially in architecture, evokes the design of cathedrals built during the Middle Ages in Europe. In interior design, it uses darker tones for the overall vibe, but it can be paired beautifully with luxury pieces that feel oppulent.
Hygge is a lifestyle, part of the Danish culture, that has translated into interior design, more specifically Scandinavian design. It involves creating a warm and comfortable atmosphere in our living space to make them as inviting and cozy as possible.
Industrial style was born in the 19th century, continuing to be relevant until present day. It relies on unpolished building materials such as unfinished brick, exposed pipes and metal, worn wood, and polished concrete, making this a style that feels edgy but functional.
Midcentury modern refers to the dominant furnishings of the mid-20th century—simple, functional wooden pieces made from teak and curved designs reigned supreme. Defined by clean lines, organic forms, minimal ornamentation, and high functionality, the style has an undeniably timeless appeal.
Open concept describes an interior that is large and open, often times with open rooms that connect with others. In an open-concept floor plan, walls are scarce and private spaces are rare. If at least two common spaces in your home are connected—and not separated by walls or doorways—you’re probably dealing with an open floor plan.
Scandinavian design was born in the Scandinavian region, in the countries of Norway, Sweden and Denmark. It’s marked by minimalism, simple and clean lines, functionality and lack of clutter. Spaces with this style should feel clean, airy and comforting.
Transitional style combines elements of traditional design with elements of modern or contemporary design. It plays with balanced interiors, a nod to classic and modern design in equal measure.
Victorian style became insanely popular back during the reign of Queen Victoria and is characterized by Gothic influences and intricately design woodwork. Rooms could contain a mix of historical styles, like pulling decorative ironwork from Gothic revival architecture or fleurs-de-lis drawn from medieval influences for decoration.
Wabi-sabi is a Japanese term that can be translated to mean “flawed beauty” or “the perfection in imperfection.” It refers to the beauty found in nature, which is organic, assymetrical and imperfect. Mostly, this term refers to a “slow-living” approach to interior design.
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